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Transplant Evaluation And Follow

Hypertension Management



A kidney transplant is the transfer of a healthy kidney from one person into the body of a person who has little or no kidney function.The main role of the kidneys is to filter waste products from the blood and convert them to pee. If the kidneys lose this ability, waste products can build up, which is potentially life-threatening.

This loss of kidney function, known as end-stage chronic kidney disease or kidney failure, is the most common reason for needing a kidney transplant.

Other treatment options for end-stage chronic kidney disease include dialysis.

Why It’s Done


When kidneys fail, there are three treatment choices:

  1. Hemodialysis
  2. Peritoneal Dialysis
  3. Kidney Transplantation

Many people feel that a successful kidney transplant provides a better quality of life because it may mean greater freedom and a less restrictive diet. In making a decision about whether this is the best treatment for you, you may find it helpful to talk to people who are kidney transplant recipients. You also need to speak to your doctor, nurse, and family members.

Kidney Transplant Evaluation

Referral and Initial Assessment:

The process often begins with a referral from a nephrologist or other healthcare provider.

The transplant team assesses the patient’s medical history, including the cause of kidney failure, current health status, and any potential contraindications for transplantation.

Medical and Psychosocial Evaluation:

Comprehensive medical examinations evaluate the patient’s overall health and suitability for kidney transplantation.

Psychosocial assessments assess the patient’s mental health, emotional well-being, and social support.

Blood and Tissue Typing:

Blood tests are conducted to determine blood type compatibility and tissue matching between the donor and recipient.


Crossmatching involves testing the recipient’s blood against the donor’s kidney to ensure there are no antibodies that might cause rejection.

Imaging and Diagnostic Tests:

Imaging studies, such as CT scans and ultrasounds, are performed to assess the condition of the kidneys and identify any potential anatomical issues.

Disease Screening:

Screening for infectious diseases and other conditions is conducted to ensure the patient is in the best possible health for transplantation.

Financial and Insurance Evaluation:

Financial counselors assess the patient’s ability to cover the costs associated with transplantation, and insurance coverage is verified.

Education and Informed Consent:

Patients receive education about the kidney transplant process, post-transplant care, and the importance of adhering to prescribed medications.

Kidney Transplant Follow-Up

Post-Transplant Monitoring:

Patients are closely monitored in tandem with your transplant center after the transplant surgery to ensure the kidney functions properly and to address any  concerns.

Immunosuppression Medication Management:

Transplant recipients are prescribed immunosuppressive medications to prevent rejection. Monitoring drug levels and making adjustments are crucial for maintaining a balance between preventing rejection and managing side effects.

Regular Clinic Visits:

Transplant recipients have regular follow-up appointments with the transplant team, including nephrologists, transplant surgeons, and transplant coordinators. These visits involve medical assessments, blood tests, and discussions about any concerns or symptoms.

Dietary and Lifestyle Recommendations:

Patients may receive guidance on dietary modifications and lifestyle changes to support overall health and kidney function.

Fluid and Blood Pressure Management:

Monitoring and managing fluid intake and blood pressure are essential components of kidney transplant follow-up care.

Disease Surveillance:

Surveillance for potential complications, such as infections or rejection, is an ongoing aspect of post-transplant care.

Psychosocial Support:

Emotional and psychological support is provided to help patients cope with the challenges and adjustments associated with kidney transplantation.

Long-Term Care:

Lifelong care is required for kidney transplant recipients. The frequency of follow-up visits may decrease over time, but regular monitoring and medical care continue to ensure the long-term success of the transplant.